Disabled workers now earn a fifth (20%) less than non-disabled workers according to a new analysis from the TUC.
They found that the pay gap for disabled workers has widened to £3,800 per year – an increase of £800 over the last year for someone working a 35 hour week.
This pay gap means that disabled people effectively work for free for the last 60 days (around 8 and a half weeks) of the year and stop getting paid on November 1.
The disability pay gap of £3800 is the equivalent of:
14 months of the average household expenditure on food and non-alcoholic drinks (£61.90 per week) or almost 11 months of the average expenditure on fuel and power (£79.40 per week) or almost 11 months of what the average household spends on transport (£80.20 per week).
TUC general secretary Frances O’Grady said: “Disabled women and men face huge and growing discrimination. They are far less likely to have a paid job than their non-disabled peers – and when they do, they earn substantially less.
“And there’s now a very real danger that coronavirus will make the situation even worse. Disabled workers and those shielding are an easy target for the redundancy list.
“People who need to shield must not be thrown out of work. And the government must make sure that people who are shielding and can’t work from home can get help from the job support scheme at 80% of their wages.
“Otherwise we risk swathes of disabled people losing their jobs. That will result in significant hardship and will turn back the clock on the decades of slow but steady progress disabled people have made in the labour market."
The new analysis reveals that disabled women face the biggest pay gap. They are paid on average 36% (£3.68 an hour, or around £6,700 a year) less than non-disabled men.
Not only are disabled people paid less, but they are also less likely to be in employment than their non-disabled peers.
Many disabled people who want to work face a range of barriers to accessing employment, from a lack of transport to get to work or inadequate equipment or adjustments made once they are there.
Only around half (53.7%) of disabled people are in work, compared to more than four-fifths (82%) of non-disabled people – a gap of 28 percentage points.
The TUC warns the disability pay and employment gaps will almost certainly increase again as the economic impact of Covid-19 hits.
Studies show that in previous recessions disabled workers are the first to lose their jobs and the last to be re-employed.
In addition, disabled workers are more likely to experience negative changes to their terms and conditions.
The TUC is particularly concerned about the employment situation of people who are considered “clinically extremely vulnerable” to coronavirus.
This includes many disabled people. Those who cannot work from home are advised not to attend work in areas where formal shielding advice has been reinstated, and many more in the clinically extremely vulnerable group may be very concerned about attending workplaces as the second wave of coronavirus hits.
Solidarity general secretary Patrick Harrington commented: "This report sadly confirms our experience. We must ensure that disabled workers are given equal wages. We must seek to ensure that the pandemic doesn't make things worse for them. The impact of the pandemic varies according to the worker's personal circumstances. We know that certain groups are hit harder than others. That includes younger workers, BAME workers, and the disabled. Each of these groups should be given targeted support yet the government pursues, as in far too many situations, a one-size-fits-all policy."